Salam For Yemen vous donne rendez-vous le samedi 25 mars à 16h sur le Parvis des Libertés et des Droits de l’Homme – Esplanade du Trocadéro.
Credit : Peace and hope for Yemen by yemeni artist Mazher Nizar
English version below
Le 26 mars prochain, cela fera deux ans que le Yémen est en proie aux bombardements indiscriminés de la coalition dirigée par l’Arabie Saoudite. A cela s’ajoutent les victimes innombrables de l’embargo que fait peser la coalition sur le Yémen. En février 2017, Antonio Gutierres, le nouveau Secrétaire Général des Nations Unies tire la sonnette d’alarme : plus de 14 millions de yéménites sont en situation d’insécurité alimentaire et c’est le pays entier qui risque de faire face à une famine sans précédent. Inutile de préciser que l’embargo, encore plus que les combats, est le principal responsable de cette situation car il interdit au Yémen d’importer la nourriture dont il a toujours été dépendant.
Ni les denrées alimentaires, ni les médicaments ne peuvent plus être acheminées car les routes et les ponts ont été détruits, car la coalition impose la fermeture de l’aéroport de Sana’a tandis que les infrastructures portuaires de Hodeidah, principal port d’entrée des marchandises dans le pays sur la Mer Rouge sont hors service. Les yéménites sont ainsi non seulement touchés par les pénuries, mais de plus, pour une très grande majorité d’entre eux ,se trouvent sans aucune ressource. En effet, les usines, les ateliers, les élevages ont été détruits par les bombardement et leurs salariés sont désormais sans emploi. Les salaires des fonctionnaires ne sont plus versés depuis la décision prise, en septembre 2016, par le Gouvernement soutenu par la coalition de déplacer le siège de la banque centrale de Sana’a à Aden.
Depuis le début de l’offensive Saoudienne, le pays de la reine de Saba pleure ses morts causés par les bombardements et les combats, plus de 7 700 selon les Nations Unies. Parmi eux, 1400 enfants. On peut ajouter à ce décompte macabre les 40 000 blessés et les 3 millions de déplacés.
Plus de 19 millions de yéménites ont besoin d’une assistance humanitaire et ils en sont aussi aujourd’hui privés. Selon l’UNICEF, plus de 63 000 enfants sont morts de malnutrition et de manque de soins médicaux. On estime qu’un enfant meurt aujourd’hui au Yémen toutes les dix minutes(1). Cette situation est inacceptable.
Les belligérants se doivent de garantir le plein accès à l’aide humanitaire. Le spectre de la famine plane sur le pays, il est primordial d’empêcher cette catastrophe qui est tout à fait évitable avec l’instauration d’un couloir humanitaire dès aujourd’hui. Permettre à l’aide humanitaire d’entrer dans le pays, faire cesser les bombardements et les attaques contre les infrastructures routières, les ports et les aéroports, c’est possible.
La communauté internationale peut empêcher la famine qui menace près de 20 millions de personnes, elle doit agir et agir vite (2). Nul ne peut ignorer cette catastrophe. Laisser faire, c’est être complice du drame qui se joue en ce moment même.
March 26 will mark two years that Yemen has been subject to indiscriminate bombing led by Saudia Arabia and its Coalition. Added to this are the innumerable citizens of Yemen that are currently victim to the embargo and its effects.
In February of this year, Antonio Gutierres, the new Secretary General of the United Nations sounded the alarm: More than 14 million Yemenis are food insecure and the entire country is at risk of suffering an unprecedented famine. It goes without saying that the embargo, even more than the fighting, is the main cause of this situation because the country is now unable to import the food products that it has always been reliant upon.
Neither foodstuffs nor medications can reach their destination because the roads and bridges have been destroyed, the Coalition has closed the Sana’a airport, and the port infrastructure in Hodeidah, the principal port of entry for merchandise for countries along the Red Sea, is out of service. Yemenis are therefore not only touched by shortages, but moreover, for the vast majority of them, they are without any resources at all. Indeed, factories, workshops, and animal husbandry operations have been destroyed by the bombings and their employers left without jobs. Additionally, since a September 2016 decision by the government supported by the Coalition to move the central bank from Sana’a to Aden, government employees are no longer receiving salaries for their work.
Since the beginning of the Saudi offensive, the country that is home to the Queen of Sheba mourns the loss of its citizens by the bombings and fighting; more than 7,700 according to the United Nations. Among them, are 1,400 children. Over 40,000 have been wounded and three million displaced, as the macabre count of those affected continues to rise.
In total, more than 19 million Yemenis are in need of humanitarian assistance. According to UNICEF, more than 63,000 children have died of malnutrition and from a lack of medical supplies. We estimate that a child dies every 10 minutes(1). This situation is unacceptable.
The perpetrators must guarantee access to humanitarian aid. The specter of famine hovers over the country and it is essential to stop this avoidable catastrophe by installing a humanitarian corridor now. Aid must be permitted to enter into the country, bombing must be stopped and attacks on infrastructure, roads, ports and airports must cease in order for this to be possible.
The international community can stop the famine which preys on close to 20 million people, but we must act quickly. No one can ignore this catastrophe. To do so is to be complicit in these tragic events taking place before our very eyes.
For more than a year now a Saudi-led campaign has indiscriminately attacked Yemen’s civilian population and killing thousands, injuring hundreds of thousands, destroying infrastructure, contaminating land through cluster munition, and ruining the beautiful heritage.
Lacking access to drinking water, food, fuel and medication, the Yemeni population is suffering.
According to International Law, the Saudi-led coalition is committing war crimes. So are some of the Houthi factions in Yemen.
And on top of all that, there is a lack of solidarity/awareness for the suffering of the Yemeni civilian population.
Silence creates accomplices.
By letting out governments continue to arm the Saudi-led coalition or provide fuel for their planes, war crimes are being enabled. Many Western governments, US, France, etc are selling arms (including illegal weapons like cluster munition).
On Saturday, May 28th 2016, Salam For Yemen organized an event in Paris to raise awareness for the beauty of Yemen and the need to protect it, through exhibitions, film screenings, conferences, music and food.
SFY is grateful for everyone who participated in the event and made it a large success.
10:00 AM – 1:00PM: Films
– A New Day in Old Sanaa, Bader Ben Hirsi
– Théodore Monod : Le Vieil Homme et la fleur, José Marie Bel
– Trésors du Yémen (documentary), Sadek Alsaar
2:00PM – 6:00PM: Conferences
2:00PM – 2:30PM: “Aden, a Yemeni mythical port, on the footsteps of Raimbaud”
By Mr José Marie Bel, PhD in Plastic Arts, conservator, specialized on Yemeni Architecture, President of the ” Espace Reine de Sabaa ”
2:30PM – 3:00PM: “Shabwa and its architectural and artistic context”
by Mr Jean-François Breton, Archeologist and Historian, Research Director at CNRS, ex-Director at CFEE
3:00PM – 3:30PM: Mr.Mégo Terzian, Doctors Without Borders’ President
3:30PM – 4:00PM: “One year of conflict in Yemen”
by Mr Laurent Bonnefoy Researcher in political science at the CNRS, CERI / Science Po Paris, currently deputy principal investigator of the European Research Council Advanced Grant. He specializes in the Arabian Peninsula.
4:00PM – 4:30PM: “Yemeni vernacular architecure”
by Paul Bonnenfant Sociologist, former senior researcher at the CNRS, associated researcher à the IREMAM (Aix-en-Provence), works on traditional architecture mainly in the Arabian Peninsula.
4:30PM – 5:00PM: “Antique jewelry in pre-islamic South Arabia”
by Mrs Leïla Ali Aquil, PhD in archeology.
5:00PM – 5:30PM: “Yemen’s heritage in danger”
by Mr Jean Lambert, teacher/researcher in anthropology and musicology at Musée de l’Homme, Anthropologist and ethnomusicologist, permanent associated professor at the Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle of Paris, researcher at the Centre de Recherche en Ethnomusicologie . He is a former director of this center (2009-2014) and of the CEFAS (2003-2008).
5:30PM – 6:00PM: Mr Sadek Alsaar, Salam For Yémen
7:00PM – 10:00PM: Concerts
– Berry Hayward, American musician, Orchestra conductor at Maison des métallos
– Aleksandar Petrov & Nenad Elmaz, Macedonian Musicians
– Redwan Al Salahi, Yemeni musician, organist
– Yann Arthus-Bertrand, Photos of Yemen from the Sky
– Eric Lafforgue, Yemeni portrays
– Peggy Crawford, Yemeni Architecture
– Stephanie Ledoux, Travel diaries
– José Marie Bel, Dessins d’architecture
– Aurélie Pedrajas, Travel diaries
– Guillaume Binet, Yemen, a forgotten war
– Stand “Espace Reine de Saba” (Queen of Sheba)
– Stand “Geuthner, an orientalist publishing house”
– Stand “Claudie Fayein, an ethnologist/physician in Yemen”
– Stand “Yemeni Jewelry & Handicrafts”
All day long, at the cafeteria, we’ll sell Yemeni food for you to sample the tastes of Arabia Felix
Humanitarian concerns about the Saudi Arabian military intervention in Yemen are creating more pressure on Saudi Arabia (KSA). According to an investigative effort by the US news magazine Foreign Policy, the White House recently decided to put a hold an all cluster munitions exports of the CBU-105 Type, fabricated by Textron, to the KSA.
Thereby the US government indirectly confirms the accusations of international Human Rights organizations like Human Rights Watch (HRW) and Amnesty International (AI), which have been saying for months that the KSA is deploying cluster munitions near civilians in Yemen.
Up until recently these accusations did not draw much attention onto them. Saudi Arabia, the second largest weapons importer, is an important client of the American, British and French arms industries. The USA delivered the last cluster munitions order for KSA between 2013 and 2015.
According to international law the use of cluster munitions is illegal since the ratification of the convention against cluster munitions in 2010. Cluster munitions consist of a container, which upon activation distributes up tp 2000 sub munitions or bomblets over a large targeted area. Some of these bomblets fail to explode and thereby act as landmines that pose a serious and lasting danger to civilians, notably children.
Although the USA never signed the convention, they passed a law in 2009 that prohibits the use of US-made cluster munitions by the recipient near civilians and that the failure rate (of unexploded bombs) needs to be below 1% to qualify for export. Ken Roth, director of HRW, tweeted recently that even the modern technology of Textron, used in Yemen, shows that even the most evolved cluster munitions have a failure above 1%.
However, more dangerous are those cluster munitions the KSA has acquired over the years (since 1970) from Western arms industries. HRW and AI found a number of duds (unexploded munitions) manufactured in the US or the UK that were distributed by cluster bombs carrying approx. 650 sub munitions each and that have a failure rate of about 20%. HRW and AI were able to identify at least 54 casualties from cluster munitions in about 23 locations.
SFY is organizing a day for Yemen in Paris on May 28th to celebrate Yemen, whose people and heritage are in acute danger, and to raise awareness for a country in need for help and solidarity.
Come and see exhibitions, films, live music and experts debate at the Ecole Speciale d’Architecture on May 28th in Paris.
Your SFY Team
SFY organise une journée pour le Yémen à Paris le 28 mai pour célébrer le Yémen, dont les habitants et le patrimoine sont en danger, et pour sensibiliser les gens car le Yémen a besoin de votre aide et solidarité.
Venez voir des expositions, des films, de la musique et des débats et interventions à l’Ecole Spéciale d’Architecture le 28 mai à Paris.
Votre équipe SFY.
SFY is organizing a day for Yemen in Paris on May 28th to celebrate Yemen, whose people and heritage are in acute danger, and raise awareness for a country in need for help and solidarity.
Come and see exhibitions, films, life music and experts debate at the Ecole Speciale d’Architecture.
We will be happy to see you there.
Your SFY team!
Saturday marks one year since the Saudi-led coalition began carrying out airstrikes on rebel forces in Yemen.
So far all negotiation talks have failed to broker a peace deal and to end the airstrikes and fighting on the ground, as well as restoring life essential supply routes (ports, airports,..).
Average food prices have risen by 44%, fuel prices have risen by 55% and most of Yemens ports and roads are shut down due to the fighting.
Since Saudi Arabia launched its airstrikes on the poorest country of the Arab world, home to Unesco heritage sites, at least 3,200 civilians have been killed and 5,700 wounded, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights estimates.
The majority of the civilian deaths were inflicted by the airstrikes. The Saudi-led coalition has also used cluster bombs, as Human Rights Watch reported, likely to kill civilians and contaminate large areas of agricultural land.
Human Rights Watch suggests that there have been major Human Rights violations and potential breaches of International Humanitarian Law by both sides of the conflict in Yemen.
Apart from NGOs, the worlds leaders have not condemn Saudi actions in Yemen. A rare exception being the EU parliament’s vote for an embargo on arms sales to Saudi Arabia. However this vote does not force European states to halt deals. And one of Saudi Arabia’s most important ally, the United States, has moved forward with weapons deals with Saudi Arabia.
Although some United Nations bodies and panels have called for an international inquiry into widespread attacks on civilian targets by the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen, no such independent inquiry has been launched yet. A Dutch draft resolution submitted to the United Nations Human Rights Council had proposed establishing an international independent inquiry into violations committed by all sides. However, the Netherlands withdrew its draft resolution as a result of pressure from Saudi Arabia and its coalition partners.
Salam For Yemen, a collective calling for peace in Yemen, remains deeply concerned with the assaults on the civilian population in Yemen, as well as with the international silence ignoring the asymmetric, deadly conflict in Yemen. SFY calls on all leaders to committ themselves to finding a peaceful solution and ensuring that food, fuel and medical supplies reach the civilian population in Yemen.